3 Most Common Injuries for Bali Travelers

3 Most Common Injuries for Bali Travelers

Frequent motorcycle injuries experienced by travelers such as fractures, bleeding and fatal death.

Due to many travelers who are just learning to drive a motorbike go straight to the highway. For example, in rural areas where the road is damaged, it will become a trigger for accidents.

Riding a motorbike in Bali is commonplace for many foreigners, even for those who never drive motorcycles in their own countries. Most of them rent motorbikes in tourist areas like Kuta, Seminyak and Ubud.

This came to the attention of Bali Police after they recorded four deaths of foreign motorcyclists in the first four months of this year. Riding a motorbike abroad is different than in Bali. In Indonesia, vehicles located on the right side of the vehicle are on the left.

Don’t worry now the police have followed up on this incident such as checking Caucasians whether they already have a driver’s license, and the police always patrol the places where accidents often occur.

Besides driving accidents in Bali travelers also often experience accidents while climbing the mountains and surfing.

The first thought when it comes to hiking injuries is of course ‘prevention.’ Injuries are an unfortunate inevitability of hiking. It’s therefore important to not only know how to prevent them, but also how to treat them. And try as you may, it isn’t always possible to prevent every single thing in life, with certain risks and an element of luck factoring into the equation while hiking.

As such, at least two people in your hiking party need to know some basic first aid when venturing into the outdoors. You should have adequate supplies in your backpack that can tackle any eventuality. Knowledge of how to identify various injuries and conditions is also very important. Likewise you’d do well to understand how to best prevent and mitigate common ailments and accidents.

The most common hiking injuries are:

  • Blisters
  • Sprains
  • Cuts
  • Hypothermia
  • Hyperthermia
  • Dehydration
  • Sunburn
  • Bug Bites

Blisters are one of the most common hiking injuries and are caused by friction between your skin and ill-fitting socks and/or footwear.To prevent blisters from forming, ensure your sock doesn’t slip up and down when you walk. Your hiking boots should fit tightly to prevent your foot from moving around or rubbing against the inside. However, they shouldn’t be too tight either, and should allow for a little extra wiggle room if you like putting on thicker socks, or two pairs, for winter hikes. Furthermore, your boots should be broken in at least somewhat before embarking on your journey. Nobody recommends picking up a new pair at your local outdoors store and immediately hitting the trail.

Keeping your feet dry is also important in preventing blisters. To this end, ensure that you have two or three spare pairs of socks so that you can change them if you happen to step in a bog hole. And it goes without saying, but make sure you have those spare pairs adequately waterproofed inside your pack as well.

How do I treat it?

If you do get a blister (it happens to the best of us), you may want to act quickly to prevent any unnecessary discomfort, and to stop the blister from getting any worse.

If you have a sterilised needle at hand, pop and drain the blister. Apply disinfectant and then wrap it up with a bandage to minimise the risk of infection. Personally I wouldn’t recommend peeling and cutting the skin away just yet, although there are differing schools of thought surrounding this practice. It’s unlikely that you will have a sterilised needle while you’re hiking. Don’t try to pop a blister with anything that is unsterilised as you will risk the wound getting infected. Instead, use a blister plaster or wrap it tightly with a bandage to avoid any further irritation through friction.

Everyone has their own preferred method of blister treatment, with some of these extra options doubling up as preventative measures as well. For example, many people also use moleskin, corn pads, medical tape, duct tape, wearing two pairs of socks at once, wearing woollen socks and using petroleum jelly or vaseline. By the way – vaseline is also very useful toward preventing and treating chafing while walking long distances. Finally, for certain routes some hikers can easily get away with trail runners and sneakers. High-lacing hiking boots are inherently stiff and not always 100% necessary. Perhaps this is for the more experienced walker out there, but it is one way to have a more comfortable journey in terms of preventing blisters and lightening the load on your feet.

The most common type of sprain to occur whilst hiking concerns the ankle.

Prevention of this is simple: good hiking boots with sturdy ankle support and taking care and caution when placing your feet on uneven ground. Hiking poles are also a good option due to the extra stability they give you whilst walking. As I said in the last point regarding blisters, it is only ever advisable to wear sneakers or trail runners if the trail permits this safely without unduly increasing the risk of sprains, of course.

How do I treat it?

Sprains are part and parcel of hiking, no matter how cautious you are.

Follow the RICE procedure should spraining occur while out on a hike:

  • Rest – Take any weight off of the sprained ankle immediately as this could do more damage to it.
  • Ice – You probably won’t have an ice pack with you to treat this hiking injury. There are three things that you can do to replicate this step instead:
    • Use packed snow to cool the injury.
    • Submerge the ankle in cold water, such as a river or stream.
    • Soak an unneeded t-shirt and wrap it around the swollen ankle.
  • Compression – Apply compression using an elastic bandage or another unneeded t-shirt. Make sure that circulation isn’t impaired by the bandage being too tight.
  • Elevation – Raise the ankle above the injured person’s heart.

You will eventually need to start walking again to get home from the trail. Use walking poles to create a makeshift splint to stabilise the ankle and get help from your hiking buddy to hobble down the trail.

Hypothermia is one of the most serious hiking injuries. Preventative efforts should be made such that you never get to the treatment stage. Hypothermia is the cooling of your core body temperature.

You can take many steps to prevent hypothermia, including:

  1. Plan your hiking trip properly, allowing for sheltered or semi-sheltered rest stops instead of halting in the open wind and elements.
  2. Know your route so you aren’t stopping and checking your map too frequently.
  3. Use equipment and wear clothing that is suited to the weather that is forecast.
  4. Keep yourself dry as much as possible.
  5. Keep your backpack and its contents dry.
  6. Ensure that at a bare minimum, you have 100% waterproofed spare warm clothes within your backpack.
  7. Pack an emergency shelter such as a tarp, ‘hootchie’ or even a ‘bivvy’ bag if you intend to travel on routes where distances between permanent shelter points are particularly long.
  8. Include a space blanket (tin foil sleeping bag, effectively) in your first aid kit if you are hiking during winter, in a region subject to blasting tempests or in a climate prone to sudden, cooler weather and rainstorms.
  9. Bring a high visibility vest or similarly bright marker panel with you in case you need to signal to emergency rescuers in poor visibility which is associated with colder weather.
  10. Have a flask of warm drink, such as hot chocolate or something else sugary, and keep your hunger levels low to ensure that you have enough energy.

How do I treat it?

Recognising hypothermia is the first step.

Do this through following the ‘umbles’ – stumbling, mumbling, fumbling and grumbling.

The person may stop shivering – this means that their body is shutting down and no longer reacting to the extreme cold they are feeling. Call mountain rescue immediately.

Ensure the person’s clothes are dry. Get into a survival bag (sleeping bag or space blanket) alongside the patient so that your body heat warms them up.

Give the patient a hot drink to warm them up. If it gets to a stage where the person loses consciousness, every effort should be made to warm them up as they now only have a 50-50 chance of survival at this point.

Surfing is a safe sport, but like in sports or other physical activities, injuries can occur. Surfers constantly come into contact with water and their boards, near sandy or rocky obstacles.Waves are the nature of surfing, and run as a whole from small lappers to large walls of water. Accidents can occur at various surfing sizes, how do you minimize the risk of injury?

First of all, if possible, exercising before surfing is a long way to get a fit body to knock and move muscles and joints suddenly. This can help you avoid things like lumbar sprains, cervical damage, dislocated shoulders, knee and ankle injuries. Fractures can also occur when the body comes in contact with hard surfaces with too much strength.

The most severe wave injury is caused by a surfboard (67%). The fins, nose, tail and rails can hit your head, eyes, lips or ears and that means pain and blood. So, whether you go out or kick the waves, think of the surfboard as a weapon, and handle it carefully. Lacerations can be avoided by good protection, and also by practicing risk avoidance, especially near the docks or on coral breakers. Risk can be managed. Stepping into the red zone doesn’t make you a hero.

Here’s Something That Make The Travelers Know Better About Bali Rabies

Here’s Something That Make The Travelers Know Better About Bali Rabies

Rabies is an infectious viral disease that is almost always fatal following the onset of clinical symptoms. In up to 99% of cases, domestic dogs are responsible for rabies virus transmission to humans. Yet, rabies can affect both domestic and wild animals. It is spread to people through bites or scratches, usually via saliva.

Rabies is present on all continents, except Antarctica, with over 95% of human deaths occurring in the Asia and Africa regions.

Rabies is one of the neglected tropical diseases that predominantly affects poor and vulnerable populations who live in remote rural locations. Although effective human vaccines and immunoglobulins exist for rabies, they are not readily available or accessible to those in need.

Globally, rabies deaths are rarely reported and children between the ages of 5–14 years are frequent victims. Treating a rabies exposure, where the average cost of rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is US$ 40 in Africa, and US$ 49 in Asia, can be a catastrophic financial burden on affected families whose average daily income is around US$ 1–2 per person.

Every year, more than 15 million people worldwide receive a post-bite vaccination. This is estimated to prevent hundreds of thousands of rabies deaths annually.

How to avoid being bitten or scratched

All mammals (including monkeys) can carry rabies, but it’s most common in:

  • dogs
  • bats
  • raccoons
  • foxes
  • jackals
  • cats
  • mongooses

They can spread the infection if they bite or scratch you or, in rare cases, if they lick an open wound or their saliva gets into your mouth or eyes.

Rabies is not spread through unbroken skin or between people.

While travelling in an area where rabies is a risk:

  • avoid contact with animals – some infected animals may behave strangely, but sometimes there may be no obvious signs they’re infected
  • avoid touching any dead animals

If you’re travelling with a child, make sure they’re aware of the dangers and that they should tell you if they’ve been bitten, scratched or licked by an animal. Check them for any wounds if they come into contact with an animal.

Prevention

Eliminating rabies in dogs

Rabies is a vaccine-preventable disease. Vaccinating dogs is the most cost-effective strategy for preventing rabies in people. Dog vaccination reduces deaths attributable to rabies and the need for PEP as a part of dog bite patient care.

Awareness on rabies and preventing dog bites

Education on dog behavior and bite prevention for both children and adults is an essential extension of a rabies vaccination program and can decrease both the incidence of human rabies and the financial burden of treating dog bites.

Increasing awareness of rabies prevention and control in communities includes education and information on responsible pet ownership, how to prevent dog bites, and immediate care measures after a bite. Engagement and ownership of the program at the community level increases reach and uptake of key messages.

Preventive immunization in people 

Human rabies vaccines exist for pre-exposure immunization. These are recommended for people in certain high-risk occupations such as laboratory workers handling live rabies and rabies-related (lyssavirus) viruses; and people (such as animal disease control staff and wildlife rangers) whose professional or personal activities might bring them into direct contact with bats, carnivores, or other mammals that may be infected.

Pre-exposure immunization is also recommended for travelers to rabies-affected, remote areas who plan to spend a lot of time outdoors involved in activities such as caving or mountain-climbing. Expatriates and long-term travelers to areas with a high rabies exposure risk should be immunized if local access to rabies biologics is limited. Finally, immunization should also be considered for children living in, or visiting, remote, high-risk areas. As they play with animals, they may receive more severe bites, or may not report bites.

Symptoms

The incubation period for rabies is typically 2–3 months but may vary from 1 week to 1 year, dependent upon factors such as the location of virus entry and viral load. Initial symptoms of rabies include a fever with pain and unusual or unexplained tingling, pricking, or burning sensation (paraesthesia) at the wound site. As the virus spreads to the central nervous system, progressive and fatal inflammation of the brain and spinal cord develops. There are two forms of the disease:

  • People with furious rabies exhibit signs of hyperactivity, excitable behaviour, hydrophobia (fear of water) and sometimes aerophobia (fear of drafts or of fresh air). Death occurs after a few days due to cardio-respiratory arrest.
  • Paralytic rabies accounts for about 20% of the total number of human cases. This form of rabies runs a less dramatic and usually longer course than the furious form. Muscles gradually become paralyzed, starting at the site of the bite or scratch. A coma slowly develops, and eventually death occurs. The paralytic form of rabies is often misdiagnosed, contributing to the under-reporting of the disease.

Diagnosis

  • Current diagnostic tools are not suitable for detecting rabies infection before the onset of clinical disease, and unless the rabies-specific signs of hydrophobia or aerophobia are present, clinical diagnosis may be difficult. Human rabies can be confirmed intra-vitam and post mortem by various diagnostic techniques that detect whole viruses, viral antigens, or nucleic acids in infected tissues (brain, skin, urine, or saliva).

Transmission

  • People are usually infected following a deep bite or scratch from an animal with rabies, and transmission to humans by rabid dogs accounts for 99% of cases. Africa and Asia have the highest rabies burden in humans and account for 95% of rabies deaths, worldwide.
  • In the Americas, bats are now the major source of human rabies deaths as dog-mediated transmission has mostly been broken in this region. Bat rabies is also an emerging public health threat in Australia and Western Europe. Human deaths following exposure to foxes, raccoons, skunks, jackals, mongooses and other wild carnivore host species are very rare, and bites from rodents are not known to transmit rabies.
  • Transmission can also occur when infectious material – usually saliva – comes into direct contact with human mucosa or fresh skin wounds. Human-to-human transmission through bites is theoretically possible but has never been confirmed.
  • Contraction of rabies through inhalation of virus-containing aerosols or through transplantation of infected organs is rare. Contracting rabies through consumption of raw meat or animal-derived tissue has never been confirmed in humans.

Risk Factors

Factors that can increase the risk of rabies including:

  • Going aboard or live in countries that rabies growing rapidly like Africa and South East Asia
  • Activities that allow you to connect with wild animals that may have rabies disease, such as exploring caves where there is a large population of bats, or camping without doing it carefully to drive wild animals into your campsite
  • Work in a laboratory with the rabies
  • Virus, head, neck or hand wounds, which can help spread the rabies virus faster

Treatment

Once a rabies infection is established, there’s no effective treatment. Though a small number of people have survived rabies, the disease is usually fatal. For that reason, if you think you’ve been exposed to rabies, you must get a series of shots to prevent the infection from taking hold.

Treatment for people bitten by animals with rabies

If you’ve been bitten by an animal that is known to have rabies, you’ll receive a series of shots at https://www.unicare-clinic.com to prevent the rabies virus from infecting you. If the animal that bit you can’t be found, it may be safest to assume that the animal has rabies. But this will depend on several factors, such as the type of animal and the situation in which the bite occurred.

Rabies shots include:

  • A fast-acting shot (rabies immune globulin) to prevent the virus from infecting you. Part of this injection is given near the area where the animal bit you if possible, as soon as possible after the bite.
  • A series of rabies vaccines to help your body learn to identify and fight the rabies virus. Rabies vaccines are given as injections in your arm. You receive four injections over 14 days.

Determining whether the animal that bit you has rabies

In some cases, it’s possible to determine whether the animal that bit you has rabies before beginning the series of rabies shots. That way, if it’s determined the animal is healthy, you won’t need the shots.

Procedures for determining whether an animal has rabies vary by situation. For instance:

  • Pets and farm animals.Cats, dogs and ferrets that bite can be observed for 10 days to see if they show signs and symptoms of rabies. If the animal that bit you remains healthy during the observation period, then it doesn’t have rabies and you won’t need rabies shots. Other pets and farm animals are considered on a case-by-case basis. Talk to your doctor and local public health officials to determine whether you should receive rabies shots.
  • Wild animals that can be caught.Wild animals that can be found and captured, such as a bat that came into your home, can be killed and tested for rabies. Tests on the animal’s brain may reveal the rabies virus. If the animal doesn’t have rabies, you won’t need the shots.
  • Animals that can’t be found.If the animal that bit you can’t be found, discuss the situation with your doctor and the local health department. In certain cases, it may be safest to assume that the animal had rabies and proceed with the rabies shots. In other cases, it may be unlikely that the animal that bit you had rabies and it may be determined that rabies shots aren’t necessary.
21 FUN FACTS ABOUT ORAL HEALTH YOU MUST KNOW

21 FUN FACTS ABOUT ORAL HEALTH YOU MUST KNOW

What is reflected in your head when talking about oral health? It is usually toothache, cavities, brushing teeth or perhaps too much sweets as one of the objects that are considered as “the enemy” for oral health.

Teeth, as we all know, are an important part of our oral health and our life as well. Without it we can’t chew food, bite our favourite meat, or smile beautifully when faced with someone we admired or liked. Imagine if we don’t have teeth? We are like a baby who has to eat porridge or soft food every day. How weird is it to imagine, right?

Teeth has a variety of structure that allows them to do many tasks. The main function of the teeth is to tear and chew food, and as a weapon in some animals, especially carnivores (predatory animals). The roots of teeth are covered by gums. Teeth has a protective structure called enamel, which helps to prevent the teeth become holey.

Teeth, like other body parts, have functions that supports human life; also used to make someone look very attractive in terms of appearance. However, many of us sometimes ignore the importance of oral health. To maintain oral health, at least we have to brush our teeth at least twice a day. Also, don’t forget to control to the dentist so that your oral health could continue to be monitored.

Every person in the world has a different set of teeth, so you could say that our teeth are as unique as fingerprints. So, be proud of the shape of your teeth because yours are absolutely different from others.

There are number of diseases associated with oral health such as heart disease, osteoporosis and diabetes. That is why maintaining our oral health is considered very important. Any food that you eat, you need to be responsible to clean it after. Otherwise, something bad will happen to you. In addition to this, you also need to know your teeth more deeply to be able to maintain oral health to the fullest. However, there are several unique facts about oral health you must know. Here it is

  1. Teeth begin to form before humans were born. Starts when the baby is still in the mother’s womb and begins to appear when children are 6 to 12 months old. So, don’t be surprised when you find a toothed baby, chances are that the mother eats a lot of calcium while pregnant so the baby’s teeth grow faster than usual.
  2. There is a tattoo for teeth. Yes… it is applied to its crown and it has a variety of shapes and sizes ranging from the image of George Washington to the words “bite me”. Dental tattoos were also carried out by researchers at Princeton University and Tufts. Their goals are valued for research purposes. These tattoos are electronic sensors which implanted into the teeth. Powered by electrodes and inductive coils, these tattoos use anti-microbial peptides to prevent germs. Through the signal sent to the antenna, researchers could find out what kind of bacteria that roaming in the mouth.
  3. Not only teeth can get germs. But the toothbrush that you use can also potentially be exposed to germs. If you’ve ever heard advice to keep your bathroom clean, that is no joke. Because if your bathroom is dirty it will have an impact on the toothbrush and of course also on your teeth. Therefore, your toothbrush must remain dry and also be kept clean to avoid germs.
  4. Sweet foods, sour foods could cause a damage to your oral health. Sour candy, soft drinks, could make an erosion to your tooth enamel.
  5. Teeth has a natural colour that is less-white. But many people are obsessed with white teeth like snow. In fact, the natural colour of teeth that you have and the balance between two colours is the key to an attractive smile.
  6. You can inherit problems with the oral cavity from parents, and maybe even start losing the same tooth. For example, related to the time of tooth extraction or the shape of the tooth arrangement also influenced by heredity.
  7. You can lose teeth at any age. Certain individuals are born with imperfect teeth. However, often the cause of losing your teeth is a disease of the gums and caries.
  8. Human teeth could be used to recognize the bodies of victims of murder, terrorism, disasters, and etc. In addition, teeth could also be used to find out gender, age, race, occupation and habits that might be done by someone during his lifetime.
  9. Teeth are the hardest part of the human body. If all this time you thought your bones were harder than your teeth, you were wrong. Because the teeth are the hardest tissue of the human body. Even harder than bone. Not only that, enamel also has mineral content reaching 96%.
  10. Saliva that attached to the teeth could protect teeth from the danger of cavities due to the bacteria.
  11. Colour changes in the teeth could occur, both caused by eating habits, age, and drugs. Colour changes in the teeth could be overcome with the help of a dentist.
  12. People who have a habit of eating and drinking something with a high acid content will be at risk of having sensitive and symptomatic pain.
  13. Teeth in the children who have parents or families with smoking habits will be at risk of evolving cavities.
  14. Teeth could continue to last a lifetime if their health is maintained, so as the health of the gums and other parts are well maintained.
  15. In the western country, people with braces seen as geeky and ugly. But in Asia, for example in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia; braces are considered very cool and become a symbol of a rich guy, due to the high cost of maintenance. In the following decade, braces for style, which are certainly fake, were very popular at a price that was quite cheap compared to the original and sold anywhere from beauty salons to online. But in 2012, two children from Thailand were reportedly suffered infected disease in their oral. To prevent deadly infections and the danger of swallowing wires due to choking, fake braces was then banned and the manufacturer is sentenced to up to 6 months in prison.
  16. Many people think that brushing your teeth right after eating is very good. But it turned out that opinion was wrong. There is an ingredient in the mouth that will form after eating and it is good for your mouth. So according to the dentist it’s good to just gargle and half an hour after that you brush your teeth.
  17. Plaques are formed from bacteria, acids, saliva, and food that is trapped in your teeth. This is why you have to maintain your oral health by diligently brush your teeth, so that the plaque in your mouth can be removed. When the plaque is not cleaned regularly, this can cause stains on your teeth, or called tartar.
  18. The wisdom teeth are sometimes cause problems such as “heading” the teeth in front of them so that they could not grow completely. As a result, many people decide to pull it out. But there are some people who apparently don’t have it.
  19. Wisdom teeth wear out quickly. The reason is, these teeth are the one that works hard to chew, from soft to dense foods. Therefore, many people lose their back teeth first than the front teeth.
  20. Usually, after brushing your teeth with toothpaste, you immediately rinse to clean the foam in your mouth. According to Dr. Howard Pollick, a dentist from the American Dental Association, recommends that after you brush your teeth, you don’t have to rinse your mouth. Why? The fluoride that contains in toothpaste is to strengthen the tooth layer, and it will work better when it is not rinsed. Fluoride will stick to the teeth in about 20-30 minutes. But often it will cause a dirty feeling or disgust if you do not gargle. It is recommended to use toothpaste in the form of a gel or varnish (adding fluoride) to your teeth which can only be done by doctors and experts.
  21. The health of your entire body could be reflected in your oral health. According to the survey, 1 of 7 adults aged 35 to 44 suffer from gum disease. The problem is the tooth decay and other infections in the mouth are often associated with health problems such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Oral health is an integral part of overall body health. People who have a disease problem with their gums are more prone to have a higher risk of other diseases. Even pregnant women who have problems with their gums, are also at risk of experiencing preterm birth. That’s why, there is an important relationship between the oral health and other body health.

 

Alright folks, now you know many interesting facts about your oral health, you guys should could maintain it carefully properly!

5 Vital Points Showing The Difference Between Cold & Flu

5 Vital Points Showing The Difference Between Cold & Flu

Coughing, fever, running nose. How do you know if you are suffering from a common cold or flu? People mixed them quite a lot but no wonder, both illnesses make you miserable and many of the symptoms can be overlap. Both are caused by viruses, both are easily spread from person to person.

Most people will catch the common cold during the winter months. The common cold may be treated without needing to see a doctor and is not a serious illness. Most people with cold still can go to work and look after their kids. Meanwhile people with the flu, their not doing anything. True flu knocks you out for a longer and in some cases can lead to some serious complications. You’ re in bed for days and can not move, everything’s hurt.

Whether you’re flattened by flu or  struggling with a cold, you’re best approach is to deal with the symptoms.

The common cold  virus is not the same as the influenza virus. The common cold is the most frequent human illness, which involves sneezing, nasal congestion an discharge, sore throat, cough, low grade fever, headache and malaise. The common cold can be caused by several families or viruses and often comes on gradually, typically starts with a scratchy throat. Colds are usually self-healing.

Meanwhile, the flu is associated with body aches and higher fever. You tend to feel much worse with the flu. One of the biggest differences between a common cold and the flu is how the symptoms first presents. As mentioned before, the flu comes very abruptly while the common cold comes more gradual. With influenza, it hits you very hard, very suddenly,” said Dr. Alan Taege, an infectious disease specialist at Cleveland Clinic. “You feel like all of a sudden something happened today. You feel achy, you’re tired, and your symptoms are more severe.

Often being confined to bed for several days whereas a cold will usually just make you feel under the weather.  They are both caused by viruses but completely different ones. symptoms of influenza often come faster than the common cold and may be associated with chills, significant headaches and sweats.

More of the flu symptoms are below the neck such as severe muscles aches, fever and terrible fatigue. Both the common cold and the flu can produce coughing, sore throat, stuffy nose and sneezing although these symptoms may be more common with the cold viruses.

Most people will recover from the flu but it can turn dangerous quickly especially for younger children, older adults and people with compromised immune systems. Flu shot is the best protection against the flu, once you’re actually sick, there are prescription medications available that may shorten the length

of the illness and steps you can take prevent the virus from spreading. If you do have a flu, expect to be  incapacitated for a few days. If you have a cold, on the other hand, you may be tempted to out to tough it out at the office. Bad idea- you only spread your sickness, and your colleagues might not appreciate it.

The first step is to know when you actually have the flu, considering colds are also common in this time of year, that can be easier said than done. However, there are several differences between the flu and the cold symptoms. If you or your love ones get sick, here are 5 (five) questions you can ask yourself  to help determine if it is a common cold or the flu.

As mentioned before, one of the biggest differences between a common cold and the flu is how the symptoms first presents.  “Colds, on the other hand, may begin with a runny nose or a case of the sniffles with other symptoms arising days later. The first sign of a cold can appear in a from of a sore throat, which is typically accompanied by a runny nose and slight congestion of a sinuses. You may then develop a cough after a few days, with children more likely to also experience fever. While it is not pleasant to experience symptoms of a Cold, you may still feel as though you’ll fine enough to carry on with normal everyday activities such as going to work.

Another important difference between a common cold and the flu is the presence of fever. The flu is typically accompanied by a high-grade Fever of 102 to 104 degree F. With most Colds you won’t get high fever, Taege said.

Body aches are common with the flu, contributing to what’s described as “hit-by-a-bus” feeling that a virus can bring on while it is rare for aches to accompany colds. As for body aches, headache is common with the Flu but rare with a cold. In general, common cold symptoms are milder than flu and do not result in serious health problems.

Both the flu & the common cold are spread by viruses, contained in water droplets which come out from the nose and mouth when an infected person sneezes or coughs. These droplets may land on surfaces, contaminating them with traces of flu or cold virus.

To prevent and minimize the risk of catching Flu & Cold germs you should do :

  • Avoid close contact with others including, hugging,kissing and holding hands. Colds spread extremely easily, especially when you spend a lot of time in close proximity with other people. This can be particularly relevant if you work in an open plan office or you take public transport to work.
  • Move away from people before sneezing and coughing. Germs that are spread from coughs and sneezes can survive for up to 24 hours which is way taking some simple precautionary measures could do you and those around you a whole lot of good.
  • Wash your hands frequently with warm water and soap especially before touching your mouth or after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose. Avoid sharing items such as towels or cups with people who may be infected.
  • If you are in the early stages of a Cold, cough and sneeze into a tissue and throw it away, or cough an sneeze into your upper shirt sleeve, completely covering your mouth and nose.
  • Disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects such as toys and doorknobs.

 

There is no cure for the common cold. To get better, it is important to get plenty of rest, keep yourselves warm and drink a lot of fluids to avoid dehydration. You can also buy over the counter cough or cold medicines or pain relief from your local pharmacy to ease your symptoms and ensure your comfort. To ease your cough you can also drink hot lemon with honey which will give the same effect at soothing your throat as cough medicine. As for the tried and true chicken soup remedy, there  just might be something to it, for both the cold and the flu. Chicken soup has been shown to have anti inflammatory properties and it also temporarily eases nasal congestion.

Similar advice is recommended for the flu. As with the cold, flu symptoms can often be treated from home by having lots of rest and taking medicine such as Paracetamol to lower your temperature. However, if symptoms are severe or you are in a high risk group, including pregnant woman – children under the age of 5- adults age 65 and above- residents of nursing homes, then you have to see and consult your doctor or health care provider.

If you’re sick with the flu, the best to do is staying home until at least 24 hours after your fever is gone, except to get medical care or other necessities. It is accordingly known that general practitioners won’t recommend you taking antibiotics for flu as contrary to popular belief that they do not speed up your recovery. Antibiotics are medicines used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Antibiotics do not work again infections caused by viruses such as common cold & flu. So there is no point in taking antibiotics to treat a common colds & a flu, and no point asking your doctor to prescribe them for a cold or flu. Your local pharmacist can provide you with any additional advice on flu treatment you needed. If you’re suffering from the flu, you have to take some time to consider on whether or not you need to visit a doctor or can be treated from home.

Watch to complication and consider to call or visit a doctor if the symptoms worsen or do not improve. You could be developing a bacterial infections on top of a viral one which would require an antibiotic. Or you might have another problem such as allergies, bronchitis, sinusitis or pneumonia. Those most vulnerable are children, the elderly and people with chronic conditions.  Also contact a health provider if your throat is so sore that drinking is painful or if you have difficulty urinating.