Get on Top of Bali’s Highest Peaks With These Mountain Climbing Tours

Get on Top of Bali’s Highest Peaks With These Mountain Climbing Tours

Bali also has a magnificent series of mountains for all you who are more into those adrenaline rush.

For you adventurous people, you may begin with planning for.a mountain climbing activity. After that, you simply choose which mountain it will be: The great Mt. Agung (which is the highest peak of the island), Mt. Batukaru (the second-highest mountain in Bali), Mt. Batur, Mt. Abang, Mt. Catur, or one of the latter’s peaks, Puncak Mangu. As any responsible climbers would do, the first thing you do after deciding a mountain to climb, is to get to know it, and get to onow it real close.

Use all your resources, check online, read other climbers’ experiences, ask in forums, just read, read, read, and ask. It’s never a bad idea to be extra prepared when you’re going to hike all the way to the top of a mountain. Instead, it’s the only way it should be.

Choosing your mountain: if you’re new here, chances are, you’re still not too familiar with the geography of the island; which is why we think it would be a great idea to list and describe them in general, just enough for you to then continue the research on your own.

First of all, will of course be, Gunung Agung. Living up to the name (Agung roughly means magnifucet in Bahasa Indonesia), Mount Agung is, by nearly a kilometer, Bali’s highest mountain (3,148 m). It lies in the central-eastern part of the island. Geologically, Agung is an active stratovolcano, and has had major eruptions in the past, most significantly in 1963. According to the Balinese Hindu religion, Agung is the most sacred of mountains and is home to Bali’s largest temple, Pura Besakih. Agung is popular with mountain climbers.

Gunung Batukaru, sometimes spelled Batukau, is Bali’s second-highest mountain at 2,276 m. It is the highest peak in the Bedugul volcanic area, but is dormant. Batukaru is sacred for the Balinese, and has a temple, Pura Luhur Batukaru, devoted to it. Batukaru is relatively unpopular with climbers as it is covered in a dense forest which restricts views. Batukaru has a large crater, the largest on Bali, but this crater is open at the southern end, allowing the river Mawa to escape. It is this that gives it the name “Batukaru”, which means “coconut shell” in Balinese.

Gunung Batur is a small stratovolcano in north-central Bali. It has several craters, and is 1,717 m in height. Batur lies within a large caldera, the remains of a cataclysmic prehistoric eruption of a volcano that was once over 4,000 m in height. Batur remains active to this day and has erupted over 20 times in the last two centuries.

Major eruptions have occurred in 1917, 1926 and 1963 (the same year as Agung’s major eruption), making Batur Bali’s most active volcano. Batur is a popular trekking mountain among tourists.[citation needed] The term “Batur” often refers to the entire caldera, including Gunung Abang, Bali’s third-highest peak, which is situated along the rim.

Gunung Abang is the highest point on the Batur caldera’s rim and, at 2,151 m, the third-highest in all of Bali. It lies to the east of Danau Batur. Abang used to be part of the original Mount Batur, but when this 4,000-meter volcano had an enormous eruption in prehistoric times, it left nothing but a large caldera and a small cone, the present-day Batur, within. Abang is not a popular peak among mountain climbers, although it is not a strenuous climb.

Gunung Catur, sometimes spelled Catu, is the highest point along the rim of the Bedugul caldera, and the fourth-highest in Bali (2,096 m). It lies to the east of Danau Bratan and is quite popular among climbers, despite the heavy forest that covers it.

However, there may be lots of you who’s trying the extreme sport for the very first time on your life, and therefore do not really know wherw to start. Well, first of all, mountaun-climbing is.considered by many as a branch of Mountaineering acitivity, which is the set of activities that involves ascending mountains. Mountaineering-related activities include traditional outdoor climbing, skiing, and traversing via ferratas. Indoor climbing, sport climbing and bouldering are also considered mountaineering by some.

Unlike most sports, mountaineering lacks widely-applied formal rules, regulations, and governance; mountaineers adhere to a large variety of techniques and philosophies when climbing mountains. Numerous local alpine clubs support mountaineers by hosting resources and social activities. A federation of alpine clubs, the International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation (UIAA), is the International. Olympic Committee-recognized world organization for mountaineering and climbing.

These are some of the.best mountain climbing tours you can take in Bali. Mount Agung Bali stands 3,142 meters above sea level, can be summitted by physically fit hikers about 3 to 4 hours from Pasar Agung Temple starting point and 5 to 7 hours from Besakih Temple starting point.

If you want to be a challenger adventure tours who thinks that trekking or climbing is spectacular, this trek will be good choice for you. Climbing Mt. Agung with Bali local Mountain Guide will help you to discover the atmosphere of the spirituality ground and see more things up closer than just about anything else. This program will make your holiday be completely exciting  in Bali island. The amazing sunrise from the peak of Mount Agung as you’ve never seen from other places.  You also can see Mount Rinjani  outside of the Bali Island that is located at Lombok island.

There are two common climbing routes up the mountain, all are challenging and you need to be physically fit and have some serious trekking experience. Choose between our regular package, straight from your hotel to orientation. The first way to climbe Mt. Agung Trekking is Via Besakih Templ, which is considered the best routes of hiking in Mount Agung. This is a chalanging hiking starting nearby Besakih temple which is the most screed and also called the Mother Temple of Bali. Climb up through he dense jungle of Besakih. The ascent will take approximately  6 to 7 hours.

The second way to get on top of Mt. Agung is a Trekking Path Via Pasar Agung Temple, which is a three to four hour hike in which time you ascend about 2,000 metres. Not so stiff as the Besakih route. The route ends about 100 metres below the actual summit, but the views are still excellent in all directions, as well as down into the actual crater.

If you’re not ready for Mt. Agung, consider trying Mt. batur instead. This one has a number of amazing trekking tours you can choose from, but here are two of the most promising ones. Mount Batur Volcano – Sunrise Trekking Tour with Breakfast. Enjoy the sunrise on the summit of Mount Batur on a full-day, small-group trek from Kuta or Ubud. Hike alongside your Balinese guides as you walk by flashlight, then enjoy stunning views of the island from the edge of an active volcano. Enjoy a simple breakfast as you watch the sun appear on the horizon. Climb over black sand and lava-formed hills while exploring the UNESCO-recognized crater, hike back to the base of Mount Batur, and pause to see a Balinese coffee plantation on the return trip to your hotel.

Still on Mount Batur, the next tour.you can get is the Private Tour: Full-Day Mount Batur Volcano Sunrise Trek with Natural Hot Springs. Take your Bali visit to new heights during this private, sunrise ascent of sacred Mount Batur. Wake up in the early morning to climb the island’s second-highest peak, enjoying the early dawn views from the top of this 5,600-foot (1,717-meter) active volcano.

Celebrate at the summit with a basic breakfast before finishing with a well-deserved soak in a natural hot spring. Make a sunrise ascent of Bali’s Mount Batur during this private excursion Challenge yourself with a pre-dawn climb of this sacred peak Enjoy the spectacular views from the 5,600-foot (1,717-meter) summit of this active volcano Savor at breakfast of hot tea and eggs cooked with volcanic steam at the summit Soak tired muscles during a visit to a natural hot springs Private guide ensures personalized service and attention.

So, have we convinced you to deviate from all those Yoga asanas and  meditation mats for once, and try a more adventurous path this time? We hope we had. Happy holidays, and see you at the top!

 

 

 

Travelers Curiosity, Do Bali Dogs Infected by Rabies?

Travelers Curiosity, Do Bali Dogs Infected by Rabies?

People who frequently travel to Bali know that there are lots of dogs on street whether they’re owned or stray.

Questions about if those dogs carry rabies or not might be the number one asked since travelers nowadays are getting more aware about the danger of rabies and how rabies will affect the body if got bitten by dogs or other animals of rabies carrier mostly as cats, monkeys and bats.

Each year, millions of tourists flock to the beautiful shores of Bali making the rabies problems more alarming for Indonesian government. With tourism accounting for an estimated 60%-70% of Bali’s economy, protecting visitors is top priority.

The Bali government and potential tourists are more than justified in being concerned about rabies. The disease causes significant inflammation of the brain and is nearly fatal once symptoms begin to show. Rabies is transmitted by animals and the most common method of transmission to human is through dog bites.

Rabies was first reported from Mesopotamia around 2300 BC and accurately described even then as “a fatal disease acquired by humans from the bite of a mad dog”. With the possible exception of four cases (and more likely just one) of presumed rabies, clinical rabies in humans is invariably fatal without prior vaccination or prompt medical treatment.

Dogs have a valuable place in the Island’s ecosystem. They have roamed the Island for thousands of years but visitors are unaware of the history and situation of the Bali dogs.

“Keeping dogs for the Balinese is just part of the way we are. They have a number of functions but many times people just want dogs around and they feel life is quiet or something is missing or incomplete if a dog is not there. We are used to having so many dogs around since we were young” (Widyastuti et al, 2015).

In 2008, this relationship between Balinese people and their dogs were shattered to its core due to rabies outbreak. Seemingly overnight a bite from a dog, not uncommon occurrence turned from being an unpleasant and undoubtedly painful experience to a possible death sentence. As humans began to die from this disease, Bali dogs began to be seen as a threat to be feared and be eliminated.

Balinese people found themselves in conflict with their culture, their government, each other and their dog.  Incidents of widespread dog culling were initiated in an attempt to eradicate the dogs as the source of the disease.  The Balinese people reported anger and sadness at having their dogs killed but were unable to retaliate as the culling was government driven.  An equal number of people reported being relieved to have the dogs killed as they were fearful of the disease. (Widyastuti et al, 2015).

Numerous scientific studies have proven that culling does not eradicate rabies.  The only effective rabies control is to vaccinate 70% of the dog population.  Shortly after the 2008 incursion vaccination campaigns were launched across the island.  In these early campaigns many Balinese hid their dogs from the vaccine teams as they feared they would kill them.

In the eight years since rabies, vaccination campaigns have continued but sadly dogs and humans have continued to die.

Bali Animal Welfare Association (BAWA), a local non-profit, undertook a successful pilot vaccination program in 2009, a year after the initial rabies outbreak on the island. BAWA then ran an island-wide program between October 2010 and May 2011 which vaccinated more than 75% of the dogs on the island.

“Vaccinating at least 70% of the dogs in an area creates ‘herd immunity’, slowing the spread of rabies until it dies out,” said Jess Oliver, a representative at World Animal Protection (WAP).

Since BAWA vaccinated over 70% of the dogs in Bali, this suggests that the program was a rousing success. Comparing the last months of the BAWA program to the previous year, both human and dog rabies cases were reduced by more than 80%.

To their credit, the Balinese government accompanied by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the U.N. began mass vaccination projects in 2011 and 2013. However, shortly after the 75% vaccination mark was reached, the Balinese government made the decision to return to culling dogs citing cost and short supply of the rabies vaccine as reasons for the switch.

Unfortunately, this return to culling destroyed much of the herd immunity that had been established through the previous vaccination program. Evidence for why culls are not effective in eliminating rabies points to the fact that culling may cause the surviving dogs to inhabit newly available territory which can further increase the spread of rabies due to more movement of infected dogs.

“It is well documented that vaccination is more cost-effective than culling,”

said Janice Girardi, founder of BAWA. “Mass vaccination is the internationally-recognised means — as shown in Bali and elsewhere — to effectively control and eradicate rabies.”

The practice of culling is even more alarming when considering the uniqueness of the Bali dog. Though genetically related to the Australian Dingo, Chow Chow, and Akita, the Bali dog is unique. At the start of the rabies outbreak in 2008, the dog population in Bali was estimated to be approximately 600,000.

Following the recent eliminations of fall 2015, there are now only an estimated 100,000 pure Bali dogs on the island. If numbers continue to fall, the Bali dog could face extinction.

While vaccination is clearly the most prominent answer to eradicating rabies in Bali, community education can also play a big role. In a sociocultural study on the relationships between dogs, humans, and rabies in Bali published in Infectious Diseases of Poverty, researchers examined actions that local Balinese people can take to help eradicate rabies. Findings included introducing concepts of non-violence into education campaigns, engaging communities through the local sociopolitical system, and working with traditional legal structures to increase local compliance with rabies control.

“Village responsibility for population stability and animal welfare is key,” says Ms. Girardi. BAWA’s vision is for an island on which all traditional communities are natural sanctuaries for animals. A pilot program with this goal is meeting with success.

Currently, provincial bylaws restrict the movement of animals that may carry rabies and require owners of potential carriers to give proper attention to the health and welfare of the animal. These laws leave ample room for interpretation and are rarely enforced. Thus, it seems clear that we cannot expect current Indonesian law to save the Bali dog.

When culling is replaced by vaccination and community education programs, there may be realistic hope for the survival of the beautiful Bali dog.

When visiting a Banjar these days you will still see free roaming Bali Dogs, the vast majority of whom will be wearing the distinctive yellow collar indicating vaccine status.  Local dog owners will tell you that their dogs are Rabies vaccinated and will ensure that dogs have collars in order to keep them safe from any culling activities.

However, the number of dogs who have received rabies vaccine in Bali is not enough to prevent the virus to spread, as there is a total number of 97.500 animals that can cause rabies in Bali. This condition has created concerns, especially among tourists and travelers coming to Bali.

The human-dog relationship on Bali is multifaceted, and whilst the fear of Rabies is influencing its dynamics this relationship will continue.  It is the next generation of Balinese who will adopt community driven drivers of responsibility into their behaviours and attitudes towards their dogs.
When visiting Bali please be aware of the danger of rabies and follow WHO and CDC protocols at all times.

If you’re bitten by a certain animal that brings rabies and suspect that an animal has rabies, do not attempt to catch the animal yourself! Notify the local health authorities

Other early signs of rabies in animals include fever, loss of appetite, and often altered phonation, such as a change in tone of a dog’s bark. These signs are often slight, however, and may escape notice. After a few days, marked restlessness and agitation may develop along with trembling.

An affected dog may growl and bark constantly and will viciously attack any moving object, person, or animal it encounters. If not restrained, it may leave home and travel great distances, inflicting much damage as it goes. This excited state usually lasts three to seven days and is followed by convulsions and paralysis.

In some instances, signs of excitement and irritability are slight or absent, and paralysis develops within a few days of disease onset. In cases of this type, an early sign is often paralysis of the lower jaw, accompanied by increased salivation. This may cause the animal to appear to be choking on a foreign object, constituting a dangerous trap for humans, who in attempting to be helpful may unwittingly expose themselves to infection.

Diagnosis of rabies in animals is similar, in most respects, to the procedure in humans, but the disease is easier to confirm at an early stage, since the animal can be killed for detailed brain studies. However, animals that die after long periods of illness may not have virus in the brain due to the so-called “auto-sterilisation” phenomenon. In that event, other tissue or spinal fluid may need to be tested for antibodies, a sophisticated procedure not usually available in many countries.

So enjoy visiting Bali & stay away from dogs and any other potential rabies carrier animals!

 

 

The Philosophical Meaning Behind The Great Statue of Titi Banda.

The Philosophical Meaning Behind The Great Statue of Titi Banda.

Bali is renowned for its diverse and sophisticated art forms, such as painting, sculpture, woodcarving, handcrafts, and performing arts.

Balinese cuisine is also distinctive. Balinese percussion orchestra music, known as gamelan, is highly developed and varied. Balinese performing arts often portray stories from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana but with heavy Balinese influence.

Famous Balinese dances include pendet, legong, baris, topeng, barong, gong keybar, and kecak (the monkey dance). Bali boasts one of the most diverse and innovative performing arts cultures in the world, with paid performances at thousands of temple festivals, private ceremonies, or public shows.

Balinese Hinduism has roots in Indian Hinduism and Buddhism, that arrived through Java. Hindu influences reached the Indonesian Archipelago as early as the first century. Historical evidence is unclear about the diffusion process of cultural and spiritual ideas from India.

Java legends refer to Saka-era, traced to 78 AD. Stories from the Mahabharata Epic have been traced in Indonesian islands to the 1st century; however, the versions mirror those found in southeast Indian peninsular region (now Tamil Nadu and southern Karnataka Andhra Pradesh).

The Bali tradition adopted the pre-existing animistic traditions of the indigenous people. This influence strengthened the belief that the gods and goddesses are present in all things. Every element of nature, therefore, possesses its own power, which reflects the power of the gods. A rock, tree, dagger, or woven cloth is a potential home for spirits whose energy can be directed for good or evil.

Balinese Hinduism is deeply interwoven with art and ritual. Ritualising states of self-control are a notable feature of religious expression among the people, who for this reason have become famous for their graceful and decorous behaviour.

We Cannot talk about Bali without talk about the mesmerizing statue that the island has. Bali is filled with statues, some are giant (more than 50 ft high) and some are small and placed at inconspicuous places. Bali consisting of a majority Hindu population naturally has statues of Hindu gods or mythological characters from Mahabharata and Ramayana. Bali’s Hinduism is a world away from that we find in India.

I found the practice of Hindu religion as less dogmatic and more tolerant. In Bali, statues of Gods are placed at public places like roads and on the top of commercial establishments too, which we never see in India. Even the form of their Gods and Goddesses are different. In this post I have tried to identify some of the statues from my limited knowledge of our culture, please do correct if you think any of them are wrongly classified.

One of them is The Great Statue of Titi Banda. Gaze upon the grandiose 15 m (49 ft) Titi Banda Statue and his monkey troops. This monument tells the story of Rama and his band of monkeys who built the Titi Banda Bridge across to present-day Sri Lanka. Notice how the chief monkeys are larger than the others–two of them stand on either side of Rama. The commanding monkey is largest. It is well known all over the world that Bali is a paradise for various types of fine arts in Indonesia.

One of which is sculpture. If you visit Bali, you can see almost in every corner of the location, the statues of gods and goddesses standing majestically as if ready to welcome you. There is one statue that has become a new icon for the island of Bali: the Statue of Titi Banda. This statue was built not only to enhance the appearance of the city, but there’s also an implicit meaning behind it.

When crossing the T-Junction on Jln. Ida Bagus Mantra Bypass towards Jln. Ngurah Rai Bypass, which is the route from Denpasar to Gianyar, your view will definitely be directed to a large statue with a height of about 10 meters right in the middle of the T-Junction. That is the new icon of Denpasar City, the Statue of Titi Banda. This location was deliberately chosen by the government because it was considered a strategic area. Moreover, the Denpasar-Gianyar route is the path most traveled by tourists.

The idea of making the Titi Banda Statue was taken from one of the scenes in a famous epic movie from India: Ramayana. The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic which follows Prince Rama’s quest to rescue his beloved wife Sita from the clutches of Ravana with the help of an army of monkeys.

It is traditionally attributed to the authorship of the sage Valmiki and dated to around 500 BCE to 100 BCE. Rama, prince of Ayodhya, won the hand of the beautiful princess Sita (seen here), but was exiled with her and his brother Laksmana for 14 years through the plotting of his stepmother.

In the forest Sita was abducted by Ravana, and Rama gathered an army of monkeys and bears to search for her. The allies attacked Lanka, killed Ravana, and rescued Sita. In order to prove her chastity, Sita entered fire, but was vindicated by the gods and restored to her husband. After the couple’s triumphant return to Ayodhya, Rama’s righteous rule (Ram-raj) inaugurated a golden age for all mankind.

The statue standing tall in the middle with the hand holding the bow is Rama. He is the main character in the Ramayana story. This statue depicts Rama building the Titi Banda Bridge with troops of monkeys, to pick up Shinta, Rama’s wife who is a captive of Rahwana from the Alengka Kingdom.

From a distance, the Rama was standing on the waves leading the monkey troops. There are about 18 monkey troops with 5 of them are the commander of the monkeys. Rama’s figure was striking in the middle, surrounded by five commanders who were larger than the statues of other warriors.

The meaning that can be obtained from the story of Rama in the Statue of Titi Benda is also deep. Through the depiction of this statue, you can learn about the value of mutual cooperation and the loyalty shown by the warriors to Rama. Although the number of troops was limited and had to defeat various obstacles, the troops still helped Rama to meet Shinta. If implemented in the lives of Balinese people, this explains how the community servants work hand in hand to realize Bali’s development with a wise leader who is able to direct and protect his people well.

The strategic location of the Titi Banda Statue makes this statue quickly popular. Beautifully designed so that this statue looks magnificent. Since the size is so big and tall, this statue is best enjoyed from a distance. You can see this statue more closely, but it’s not easy. You have to cross the road and need to be careful because the traffic in this bypass area is always crowded. Its beauty is more attractive at night, decorated by colorful lights, which make this Titi Banda Statue look more spectacular.

The Titi Banda statue is a monumental work. As a tourist destination, of course, the grandeur and beauty of this statue can complement the appeal of Bali in general. It can complete the list of tourist attractions that are worth visiting. Although it’s only able to be enjoyed from a distance, Bali, particularly Denpasar, becomes more beautiful in the eyes of tourists.

Sacred Monkey forest Ubud Bali – Is it Safe from Rabies?

Sacred Monkey forest Ubud Bali – Is it Safe from Rabies?

Going to Bali, there must be lot of places on your bucket list. One of them is the Sacred Monkey Forest in Ubud, Bali.

Mandala Suci Wenara Wana, or well known as Ubud Monkey Forest, is the sanctuary and natural habitat of the Balinese long-tailed Monkey, scientific name Macaca fascicularis. It is located at Padangtegal Ubud, Bali.

Do you know that approximately 1049 monkeys live in this sanctuary. They are divided into 6 groups, namely in front of main temple group, forest conservation group, central point group, eastern group, Michelin group, and cemeteries group.

We also divide the monkeys by age: 63 adult male, 34 Sub-adult male, 219 Adult female, 29 Sub-adult female, 167 juveniles 1 (2-3 year), 118 juveniles 2 (1-2 year), 63 Infant old (5-12 month) and 56 infant. Sacred Monkey Forest Ubud is a famous tourist attraction in Ubud.

In every month around 120.000 visitors come to Monkey Forest Ubud. The Monkey Forest Ubud has 186 species of plants and trees in 12,5 hectares of forest. The Monkey Forest Ubud has 3 temples, namely Dalem Agung Padangtegal Temple, Holy Spring Temple and Prajapati Temple.

The forest owned by the Padang tegal community and is managed by Mandala Suci Wenara Wana Management. The purpose of the management is to keep sacred the place and promote the Monkey Forest Ubud as an international tourist destination. The Monkey Forest lies within the village of Padangtegal, which owns it. The village’s residents view the Monkey Forest as an important spiritual, economic, educational, and conservation center for the village.

As mentioned in the name, this place has lots of monkeys on it. Which in the fact, can carry the rabies virus on it body. In 2011, approximately 605 crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) – 39 adult males, 38 male sub-adults, 194 adult females, 243 juveniles, and 91 infants – lived in the Ubud Monkey Forest they are known locally as the Balinese long-tailed monkey. The park staff feeds the monkeys sweet potato three times a day, providing them with their main source of food in the park, although bananas are for sale in the park for tourists wishing to feed the monkeys, and the monkeys also feed on papaya leaf, corn, cucumber, coconut, and other local fruit. For the sake of the monkeys’ health, visitors are prohibited from feeding them snacks such as peanuts, cookies, biscuits, and bread.

There are five groups of monkeys in the park, each occupying different territories; one group inhabits the area in front of the Main Temple, another the park’s Michelin area, a third the park’s eastern area, and a fourth the park’s central area, while the fifth group lives in the cremation and cemetery area. In recent years, the monkey population has become larger than an environment undisturbed by humans could support; it continues to grow, with the population density in 2013 higher than ever. Conflicts between the groups are unavoidable; for example, groups must pass through one another’s territory to reach the stream during the dry season, and increasing population pressures also are bringing the groups into more frequent contact.

The monkeys rest at night and are most active during the day, which brings them into constant contact with humans visiting during the park’s business hours. Visitors can observe their daily activities – mating, fighting, grooming, and caring for their young – at close range, and can even sit next to monkeys along the park’s paths. Park personnel carry slingshots with which to intimidate aggressive monkeys and intervene quickly in confrontations between monkeys and humans. Given the monkeys’ apparently increasing aggressiveness toward humans and the risk their bites pose to human health, Balinese politicians have called for a cull of crab-eating macaques in Bali. Authorities have not formally accepted these calls.

Then, after the explanation about the place, we can know that you can get bitten by the aggressive monkey in monkey forest. One of the risk factor that you may get is rabies. Rabies is a serious disease. It is caused by a virus. Rabies is mainly a disease of animals. Humans get rabies when they are bitten by infected animals. At first there might not be any symptoms. But weeks, or even months after a bite, rabies can cause pain, fatigue, headaches, fever, and irritability. These are followed by seizures, hallucinations, and paralysis. Human rabies is almost always fatal. Wild animals—especially bats—are the most common source of human rabies infection in Bali.

Virtually all infections with rabies resulted in death until two French scientists and developed the first rabies vaccination in 1885. This vaccine was first used on a human on July 6, 1885, on nine-year-old, who had been mauled by a rabid dog. Their vaccine consisted of a sample of the virus harvested from infected (and necessarily dead) rabbits that was weakened by allowing it to dry for 5 to 10 days. Similar nerve tissue-derived vaccines are still used now in some countries, and while they are much cheaper than modern cell culture vaccines, they are not as effective. Neural tissue vaccines also carry a certain risk of neurological complications.

Seems dangerous right? But you should come anyway to this place, because it is a worth place to see when you are traveling in Ubud Bali. Besides, this place is categorized as a safe place based on red lines of rabies that being created by the Balinese Government. However, we have to stay safe whenever we are going, right? So here, I will give you a guideline on how to stay safe during your visit in monkey forest in Bali.

There are a few guidelines you should remember and by all means abide if you want to have a good experience at this monkey forest in Bali. Most of the people who are telling stories about how they got bitten by monkeys failed to follow these simple rules. I am not saying that following the rules are a guarantee that you won’t get bitten but they definitely improve the chances of having an incident free experience.

The first thing you must do after buying your tickets is to read the guidelines listed right at the Monkey Forest entrance. Don’t underestimate their importance. Take your time and read them carefully. I will also list them below:

  1. Don’t hide food from the monkeys

This is the golden rule of visiting the Ubud Monkey Forest. Monkeys are very smart animals and they have a strong sense of smell. Trying to hide food from them is pointless.

They will find it and take it even if this implies opening your backpack. Tip: Don’t bring any food at all. You will see people trying to sell you bananas. Even if it sounds tempting, remember that food can transform a cute fluffy monkey into the devil itself. They love bananas and you are not going to break this love under any circumstances. Be sure to check all your pockets of any kind of food before entering the forest.

  1. Don’t panic

If the monkeys get close to you or jump on you, drop any food you have (and remember rule number 1 and cry) and walk away slowly.

  1. Don’t run

This is a big no-no. Even if you’ll try to run, they’ll run right after you and it will only get things worse.

  1. Don’t scream

At all times, keep calm and don’t scream. Screaming frightens them and makes them more aggressive

  1. Don’t bring plastic or paper bags

Does it look like something the monkey would want to play with? Then don’t bring it with you. Let’s keep the Monkey Forest litter free.

  1. Take care of your belongings

If you like your sunglasses, jewelry or accessories, then don’t keep them in plain sight. Monkey might like them too and we already know who’s going to win this fight. Tip: keep all your stuff well hidden in your backpack.

Remember that monkeys will open your backpack if they have the chance. It happened to us. It took the monkey less than 3 seconds to open it. My recommendation would be to leave your backpack at home and only bring your camera and phone. If this is not possible, then put your plastic bottles, rings, bracelets or coins inside the backpack. Once a monkey has your stuff, say goodbye to it.

  1. Don’t touch, grab or disturb the monkeys

Monkeys have unpredictable reactions and you wouldn’t want to trigger them. Therefore, don’t touch them and be extra cautious around baby monkeys. Their mothers are very defensive about their babies. Tip: when photographing the monkeys, keep a decent distance from them. Use your zoom to take close-ups and don’t use the flash.

  1. Don’t feed the monkeys peanuts, cookies, bread, snacks or drinks

The monkey’s diet is very important and so it is maintaining their health.

It may quiet a long list to do when you are in sacred monkey forest. But, we always want to stay away from Rabies right? Always obey the rule in there, and stay safe during your visit. If you still want to learn more about Rabies Vaccine and during your visit in Bali, or even you want to protecting yourself more by getting rabies vaccine shot you can go and contact Hydro Medical Bali.

They have clinic in Ubud, so it will make your access easier to reach your protection from rabies. They will provide you the information that you needed for Rabies Vaccine. Also, they will provide you the vaccine when you needed it with the handling of their professional health care. The most important thing is you can use your insurance to get your medical treatment in here. Happy sightseeing!

 

 

How Long Does Rabies Vaccine actually work in Human?

How Long Does Rabies Vaccine actually work in Human?

Rabies is a viral infection of the brain that is transmitted by animals and that causes inflammation of the brain and spinal cord.

Once the virus reaches the spinal cord and brain, rabies is almost always fatal. The wound from the bite may be painful or numb. Bat bites typically cause no symptoms. Rabies symptoms appear when the rabies virus reaches the brain or spinal cord, usually 30 to 50 days after a person is bitten. However, this interval can vary from 10 days to more than a year. The closer the bite to the brain (for example, on the face), the more quickly symptoms appear.

Skunks, raccoons, dogs, cats, coyotes, foxes and other mammals can also transmit the disease. Human rabies is rare in the United States. There have been only 55 cases diagnosed since 1990. However, between 16,000 and 39,000 people are vaccinated each year as a precaution after animal bites. Also, rabies is far more common in other parts of the world, with about 40,000–70,000 rabies-related deaths worldwide each year. Bites from unvaccinated dogs cause most of these cases.

If you got bitten by these animal, here are some things you can do. Thoroughly clean the wound site with soap and water for 5 minutes. If available, an antiseptic that kills viruses such as povidone-iodine, iodine tincture, aqueous iodine solution or alcohol (ethanol) should be applied after washing. If exposed, mucous membranes such as eyes, nose or mouth should be flushed well with water. It is important to follow these processes with appropriate treatment with rabies vaccine. If it is possible, call the animal control authorities.

Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent rabies. There are a number of vaccines available that are both safe and effective. They can be used to prevent rabies before and for a period of time after exposure to the virus such as by a dog or bat bite. The immunity that develops is long lasting after a full course.

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Doses are usually given by injection into the skin or muscle. After exposure vaccination is typically used along with rabies immunoglobulin. It is recommended that those who are at high risk of exposure be vaccinated before potential exposure. Vaccines are effective in humans and other animals. Vaccinating dogs is very effective in preventing the spread of rabies to humans. Rabies vaccines may be safely used in all age groups. About 35 to 45 percent of people develop a brief period of redness and pain at the injection site.

About 5 to 15 percent of people may have fever, headaches, or nausea. After exposure to rabies there is no contraindication to its use. Most vaccines do not contain thimerosal. The first rabies vaccine was introduced in 1885, and was followed by an improved version in 1908. Millions of people globally have been vaccinated and it is estimated that this saves more than 250,000 people a year.

It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 44 and 78 USD for a course of treatment as of 2014. In the United States a course of rabies vaccine is more than 750 USD.

Globally used, the rabies vaccine used in in three steps, which are:

  1. Before exposure

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends vaccinating in those who are at high risk of the disease including children who live in areas where it is common. Other groups may include veterinarians, researchers, or people planning to travel to regions where rabies is common. Three doses of the vaccine are given over a one-month period on days zero, seven, and either twenty-one or twenty-eight.

  1. After exposure

For individuals who have been potentially exposed to the virus, four doses over two weeks are recommended, as well as an injection of rabies immunoglobulin with the first dose. This is known as post exposure vaccinations. For people who have previously been vaccinated, only a single dose of the rabies vaccine is required. Vaccination after exposure is neither a treatment nor a cure for rabies; it can only prevent the development of rabies in a person if given before the virus reaches the brain. Because the rabies virus has a relatively long incubation period, post exposure vaccinations are typically highly effective.

  1. Additional doses

Immunity following a course of doses is typically long lasting. Additional doses are not typically needed except in those at very high risk. Those at high risk may have tests done to measure rabies antibody in the blood, and then get rabies boosters as needed. Following administration of a booster dose, one study found 97% of immuno-competent individuals demonstrate protective levels of neutralizing antibodies at 10 years.

Rabies vaccines are safe in all age groups. About 35 to 45 percent of people develop a brief period of redness and pain at the injection site. About 5 to 15 percent of people may have fever, headaches, or nausea. Because rabies is invariably fatal, there is no contraindication to its use after exposure. Most vaccines do not contain thimerosal. Vaccines made from nerve tissue are used in a few countries, mainly in Asia and Latin America, but are less effective and have greater side effects. Their use is thus not recommended by the World Health Organization.

Doctors will give patients an indicated Anti-Rabies Vaccine (VAR) or Anti-Rabies Serum (SAR) as a further treatment for rabies. Anti-Rabies Vaccine (VAR) is a vaccine or active immunization made of a non-active rabies virus. This vaccine can be given prior to exposure (pre-exposure prophylaxis) or after an exposure (post-exposure prophylaxis). This vaccine is injected into the skin or muscles. If given after exposure, the vaccine is usually given along with Rabies Immunoglobulin (SAR).

Anti-Rabies Serum (SAR) is a passive immunization composed of Rabies Immunoglobulin, this vaccine has a function to neutralize the rabies virus caused by an animal bite. Anti-Rabies Serum is given to those with high-risk wounds, for example, patients with multiple wounds. Moreover, regarding how long does rabies vaccine work in humans, it can give protection for 7 to 10 days before the induced antibodies are formed. Therefore, SAR is not necessary for patients who have already been given the Anti-Rabies Vaccine up to 7 days prior to exposure.

Regarding how long does rabies vaccine work in humans, the immunity acquired from the vaccine can last a long time. The longevity of rabies vaccine ranges between 3 to 10 years depending on the booster dose that is given. For example, to prevent rabies, rabies vaccinations are given three times, on the day of the first injection and on day 7 and day 21 after the first injection. For those who have a high exposure of rabies, it is suggested to receive 1 booster dose once a year and every 3 to 5 years. Whereas for those who are not at high risk of rabies exposure but want to get a vaccination, vaccination is recommended every 10 years.

On the other hand, for post-exposure vaccination, 4 to 5 injections will be given if the person has not been vaccinated. If the vaccination has been done enough, the next shot will be given 2 times each year. Additional doses are usually not needed except for those at very high risk. After the booster dose, a study found that 97% of immuno-competent individuals showed a level of protection at 10 years. Therefore, about how long does rabies vaccine work in humans, immunity following a series of doses is usually long-lasting.

Rabies is almost always fatal if it is left untreated. In fact, once someone with rabies starts experiencing symptoms, they usually do not survive. This is why it is very important to seek medical attention right away following an animal bite, especially if the bite is from a wild animal. Vaccination after exposure, PEP, is highly successful in preventing the disease if administered promptly, in general within six days of infection. Begun with little or no delay, PEP is 100% effective against rabies. In the case of significant delay in administering PEP, the treatment still has a chance of success.

If you are pregnant or still in breast feeding phase, there is no evidence that the vaccine can harm unborn babies. Follow up of 200 pregnant women in Thailand found that the vaccine was safe.

It is not known if the vaccine is secreted in human milk, but any vaccine present in breast milk should not have harmful effects. For the safeties of the mother and baby you have to always consult first with your doctor first.  If you still want to learn more about Rabies Vaccine and during your visit in Bali, you can go and contact Unicare Clinic. They will provide you the information that you needed for Rabies Vaccine. Also, they will provide you the vaccine when you needed it with the handling of their professional health care.