All Things You Should Know About “Kuningan Day”

All Things You Should Know About “Kuningan Day”

Kuningan Day is celebrated 10 days after Galungan. Same with Galungan, Kuningan is celebrated every 210 days or every 6 month in Balinese calendar which 1 month consists of 35 days. The exact day for Kuningan is Saniscara (Saturday) Kliwon Wuku Kuningan. In this holy Kuningan Day it is said that Ida Sang Hyang Widhi (God) comes to the earth to give his blessing for human race. Balinese Hindu people believe that the ceremony for Kuningan Day must not pass midday, before the God and ancestors’ spirits go back to heaven. There are some typical equipments or offerings for Kuningan Day such as “Nasi Kuning” or yellow rice, “Endongan” as a symbol of offering to God / Hyang Widhi, “Tamyang” as a symbol of danger repellent, and “Kolem” as a symbol of resting place for Gods and ancestors’ spirits.

These equipments also have own meaning such as nasi kuning which symbolizes the prosperity; Tamyang becomes a reminder for the importance of nature law; If we maintain and preserve the nature, it will give us prosperity, but if we do not do so, it will give us disasters; Endongan symbolizes supplies. The most important supply in life is the knowledge and devotion. Thus, by the celebration of Kuningan Day, Hindu, especially in Bali is expected to maintain peaceful life.

Worshippers express their gratitude through prayer and offerings to the trinity of Gods for the ultimate gift of life. At Kuningan the arched bamboo poles referred to as as penjor, which are erected in front of each Balinese home compound during the religious festivities, are redecorated. White cloth is replaced with yellow cloth at the base of the penjor’s temporary shrine as an indication of prosperity. All ceremonial tokens of appreciation must be performed before 12 noon to farewell the spirits as they depart the physical world and disappear into the unseen.

Different from Galungan Day, in Kuningan Day people are not obligated to pray in all temples around their village especially if the distance of the temple from home is far. The celebration of this day could also be done at home because it is related to the short duration of this holiday which is only until midday. However, some people still come and pray to the temples around their village just like in Galungan Day, even though it must be started early in the morning so that they do not pass the midday. It could be concluded that the main meaning of Kuningan Day is to beg for safety, prosperity, welfare, protection, and guidance from Hyang Widhi Wasa and the spirits of ancestors.

The Balinese believe that Kuningan day is the day when their ancestors return to heaven after visiting the earth during Galungan celebration. They make offerings to be given to the ancestors on their farewell day. The offerings include yellowed rice (Kuningan is derived from the word kuning which means yellow) which is placed in a small “bowl” made of coconut leaves. Other common offerings a seeds, fish and fruit like papaya and cucumber. The yellow rice is the symbol of human’s gratitude towards God for all the life, joy, wealth, health and prosperity given. The bowls are decorated with a small figures of shadow puppets which represents angels that bring joy and wealth to earth. It is also said that on Kuningan day Ida Sang Hyang Widhi (God) is blessing and giving prosperity to the whole world. Many people believe that the celebration should be done before noon, before gods and goddess’ return to the heavens to continue their asceticism.

On Kuningan day you can see tamiang and endongan  decorations hanging outside homes and temples. Tamiang means – and is formed as a round – shield and represents protection, defense, and the cycle of the globe. It functions as a reminder to humans of karma and that they should protect themselves from bad behavior. Endongan means bag of provisions. It is made of coconut leaves and shaped like a bag or a pocket. The Balinese put different things like seeds, fruits, tuber inside the endongan.Some people see it is a symbol of food supply for the journey of the ancestors from earth to heaven. From a spiritual view, endonganrepresents the essential provisions that every human should carry-knowledge and homage.

In some villages, especially in Gianyar region, Barong or ngelawangs – lion like creatures – are going from house to house followed by kids playing traditional Balinese music instruments. If a barong arrives in front of your house, you should give an offering called canang with sesari (money) on it, after receiving the offering; the barong will dance and bless your house and your family. This day is known as Kuningan Day. The word Kuning in Bahasa Indonesian means Yellow and Nasi Kuning is delicious yellow rice (Nasi) made with coconut milk and tumeric.  It is often eaten for breakfast. To celebrate the departure of the spirits, offerings of Nasi Kuning are placed in a bowl made of coconut leaves. The yellow rice is the symbol of human’s gratitude towards God for all the life, joy, wealth, health and prosperity given. The bowls are decorated with a small figures of shadow puppets which represents angels that bring joy and wealth to earth. Many Balinese return to their villages to celebrate Kuningan with their families. Houses and temples are adorned with tamiang and endongan decorations.

In some villages, Barongs or ngelawangs – lion like creatures – are going from house to house followed by kids playing traditional Balinese music instruments. If a barong arrives in front of your house, you should give an offering called canang with sesari (money) on it, after receiving the offering; the barong will dance and bless your house and your family. During the week of Kuningan, Balinese people will not run any programs as all the Balinese are too busy with the preparations of this big event. For you as a foreigner it is the perfect opportunity to go around the Island to see all the beautiful decorations of the streets and temples. During the Kuningan period you will notice Balinese people dressed beautifully in bright colored dresses (especially yellow because yellow means kuning in Bahasa) and it is a great time to take some of your best pictures of your unforgettable experience with local people and culture.

On Kuningan Day itself you are more than welcome to join your Balinese host family to the temple and eat with the family. Be prepared for some real traditional Balinese food and don’t hesitate to try everything but remember to always pay attention on your health and how your body will handle the food. Because most of the traditional Balinese food are spicy and raw. Please do note that if you are going to the temple, you are required to wear a sarong and a t-shirt with long sleeves. Always obey the rules that local people tell you during your trip. You can ask your host family for a proper outfit and without any doubt they are more than happy to help you and they will very much appreciate your effort to be part of this beautiful Balinese tradition.

During Kuningan Day in Bali also prayers and offerings take place all over this stunning Indonesian Island and in Munggu Village a small hamlet which is well known for diligently continuing to keep Balinese Tradition alive and conserve Balinese culture we have the Mekotek Tradition of Stick Fighting. The Mekotek Tradition is an unusual and unique Bali event or ritual which occurs solely in Munggu Village during Kuningan. Kuningan in Bali which takes place every 210 days on the Balinese Saka calendar is a great time to experience real Balinese Culture, a time to witness authentic Bali, colorful, unique, interesting, fun and so culturally rich it beggars belief! The Mekotek Tradition goes back a long why as do many Balinese cultural traditions. It is said Mekotek or Ngerebeg as it is known locally dates back to the time of the great King of Mengwi. The myth has it that the King wanted to venture further afield and extend his area of rule and power which would include the Blambangan Kingdom in Java. Being in Munggu at the time he decided to pray at the local Pura (Hindu Temple) of Pura Dalem Wisesa. After which he miraculously found himself in possession of a long iron spear and shield with which he could protect himself against danger during the upcoming crusade!

Needless to say the war campaign was successful and The King of Mengwi found himself back in Munggu Village on his victorious way home. He had made a vow after victory that he would create the Mekotek Tradition or ceremony called Ngerebeg which would mimic the victorious battle and would stand as remembrance to that rather fruitful and eventful day. This unique Bali Tradition of Mekotekan is a ceremonial ritual and starts at the Pura Dalem Wisesa Temple in the village before men parade with sticks held aloft through the village to take part in the Mekotek tradition. Gamelan music playing throughout the ritual also adds to the atmosphere with Gamelan musicians following the proceedings along with many spectators and rival supporters.

From time to time a stick fighting participant will climb the triangular shaped cone of sticks to issue a battle cry before the two groups clash. It’s a fun event which rarely witnesses any injury or hard feelings amongst opposing forces or supporters and has more of a party atmosphere. Finally when the event has finished the procession proceeds calmly with all participants and spectators and supporters parading to the opposite end of the village to another temple before ultimately disbanding. The Mekotek Tradition it is hoped will prevent catastrophes and bring prosperity and takes place on the holy Kuningan Day due to an unfortunate event in the past which brought disease to Munggu village resulting in death and crop failures. We hope that you will enjoy the kuningan day experience in Bali, just don’t forget to always stay safe and healthy.

When Rabies Immunoglobulin are not affordable or not available

When Rabies Immunoglobulin are not affordable or not available

Rabies is an acute viral disease that causes fatal encephalomyelitis in virtually all the warm-blooded animals including man. The virus is found in wild and some domestic animals, and is transmitted to other animals and to humans through their saliva (i.e. following bites, scratches, licks on broken skin and mucous membrane).

Guidelines throughout worldwide quote that dogs are responsible for about 97% of human rabies, followed by cats (2%), jackals, mongoose and others (1%). The disease is mainly transmitted by the bite of a rabid dog.

Very often there are cases of bites of stray dogs or mad dogs in Bali. What is often not known even by medical practitioners is whether or not a rabies vaccine and serum rabies vaccine is needed after a rabid dog bite.

Due to the rarity of rabies cases in Bali, there is often a lack of socialization about handling cases of dog bites and other wild animals. Finally, patients only receive wound care and the maximum anti-rabies vaccine. What about the anti rabies serum? In fact, the availability in Bali itself is actually almost non-existent even in the biggest hospitals in Bali though. So important is the anti-rabies serum that we should discuss it?

Rabies vaccine work requires a long time. If we only give the vaccine, it can be said that we are late to prevent the spread of the rabies virus in the body because the vaccine only induces our immunity after 7 days, and only reaches maximum levels after 14 days, even though the virus has begun to spread to the body from the beginning.

Then how do we protect ourselves from the spread of the rabies virus before 7 days? The answer is anti rabies serum or often also referred to as anti rabies immunoglobulin. Anti-rabies serum contains antibodies to the rabies virus so that it can work immediately after being injected, while the anti-rabies vaccine contains rabies antigens that stimulate the body to produce these antibodies. So of course anti-rabies serum works faster.

Anti-rabies serum should be given H-0 (the day when bitten by the wild animal) in addition to cleaning the wound with sterile water or running water and soap if available (as soon as possible before the patient goes to the health service). But if it is not possible to give it on the day of the bite, it is still permissible to give it until the 7th day after the bite. Anti-rabies serum is given intramuscularly and if the wound has not been closed it can be given around the wound, but previously a skin test should be done especially if using horse serum.

In addition, anti-rabies vaccine is still needed because as shown in the picture that the work of anti-rabies serum is only about the first 20 days, even though the virus may still spread until approximately 30 days after entering the body. Anti-rabies vaccine in people who have been exposed to rabies suspect animal bites given 4 times, namely H-0, H-3, H-7, and H-14. Actually, the giving schedule itself has several variations.

The schedule previously mentioned is the schedule issued by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) located in the United States. While in Indonesia there is a schedule issued by IDAI (Indonesian Pediatrician Association), namely 2 doses at 0, 1 dose at 7, and 1 dose at 14. From the vaccine manufacturer Verorab (the only vaccine brand in Indonesia at the time of this writing which was produced by Sanofi Pasteur) suggested 5 doses of administration with schedule H-0, H-3, H-7, H-14, and H-28. The schedule issued by the CDC is accompanied by anti-rabies serum. Health service in Jogja that provides anti-rabies serum. Most anti-rabies serums in Indonesia are distributed to Jakarta, Bali and Eastern Indonesia where rabies cases are still very frequent. Anti-rabies serum with the trademark Favirab (equine anti-rabies serum made by Sanofi Pasteur).

Well, what if the patient has received a complete series of anti-rabies vaccine? One series referred to here is that the patient had been bitten by wild animals and received treatment as explained in the previous paragraph, or the patient had an anti-rabies vaccine as prophylaxis / prevention of rabies even though the patient did not get a bite with a schedule H-0, H-7, H-21 / 28. For cases like this the anti-rabies vaccine schedule is H-0 and H-3 only and it is not recommended for anti-rabies serum administration.

Why is that? Antibody-producing cells in humans have immune memory, so that if someone has been exposed to an antigen in sufficient quantities then when dealing again with the same antigen, the antibodies formed will be faster.

When a person has already been vaccinated completely, when one is vaccinated again the specific antibodies will immediately go up right then so there is no need to wait until the 7th day after being vaccinated. If so, anti-rabies serum is not needed, and instead it will inhibit our immune response which should have been very fast.

The aim of post-exposure prophylaxis is to neutralize viruses that were inoculated before can be moved nervous system.After the wound cleansed, passive antibody administration and active immunization must be done. There are two types immunoglobulin, rabies immune globulin (RIG) which can be given which is human RIG and RIG horse.  HRIG administration for patients with Clinical rabies has a recovery goal against infection. This is achieved by using human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG) that works by neutralizing viruses rabies both local and systemic in weeks first before the body’s own response to vaccine. HRIG also improves the patient’s T cell response to the vaccine.

The initial dose is 20 IU immunoglobulin /kg of body weight, which must infiltrate around the location of the wound as much as can be reached, because antibody levels against the rabies virus are not high after giving parenteral from RIG, and the neutralization of the local virus is the most important.

The remainder is then injected intramuscularly into areas as far away as possible from the vaccination site. If HRIG not available, WHO recommendations use equine immunoglobulin at a dose 40 IU / kg. Unfortunately HRIG is very expensive (£ 330 for patients with BB 70 kg), and with so it’s not available in countries rabies highest. Active immunization against rabies must be starting with antiserum approval.

Nothing should be done to encourage active immunization and passive immunization at different times, if one product is available before anything else, it must be given immediately, and the second product must be given when is available. However, if RIG is available 11 weeks after vaccination has begun, it might not need as an antibody response to be active start. Schedule 5 post-exposure vaccination doses international, and intramuscular injection is the only route that can be accepted. Doses are given at 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days. After the dosage, antibodies are always on there are, usually at titres of 110 IU. Vaccine and Antiserum cannot be mixed or injected in the same limb. In the United States, there are choice of 3 vaccines namely HDCV, cell culture vaccine purified chicken embryos; and cell culture vaccines fetal rhesus lung.

Titers must be accepted in people immunosuppression, including people with HIV infection after vaccination to be sure seroconversion that has occurred. Patient harm HIV with CD41 cell counts below 300 / mL have a bad response, and may need a dose additional vaccines.  The most significant problem is Type I or III reactions consisting of urticaria, arthritis, and angioedema, which are seen in about 6% of patients who receive a dose HDCV amplifier. There is no statement contraindicated, and safe vaccination on Pregnancy

The rabies virus is easily killed by sunlight,soap, and drying. Wound care isthe best prevention of rabies infection. In animal experiments, rabies transmission can almost completely prevented by treatment local injuries given within the first 3 hours after exposure.This does not mean that immunoprophylaxis can be ignored or not done, but the risk and need are very reduced with proper wound care.

If possible, treat injuries must include infiltration under local anesthesia. The wound must then be thoroughly rubbed with water and iodine solution, 40-70% alcohol, or quaternary ammonium compounds (setrimid 0.1% BPC),all of which have a deadly effect proven in rabies virus

Where to Go When You Have Six Days to Spend In Tabanan, Bali

Where to Go When You Have Six Days to Spend In Tabanan, Bali

Although very much understandable due to their historical past, there are actually so many other areas in Bali that are waiting for you to explore; just like Tabanan.

Tabanan is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia. It has an area of 839.33 km2 and population of 386,850 (2000), rising to 420,913 in 2010 Census. Its regency seat is Tabanan. Tanah Lot is in Tabanan.

Day 1: A Day at The Great Outdoor

First Stop: Jatiluwih

Located in Penebel District, north of Tabanan, this beautiful village has paddy fields following the contours of terraced land against the background of spellbinding Mount Batukaru and Mount Agung use traditional Balinese irrigation known as subak, Bali’s community-based water control management system. Lies at an altitude of 700 meters, the cool atmosphere of more original beautiful Jatiluwih is better than the most well known Tegallalang which has plenty of cafes and souvenir shops. Two routes to Jatiluwih are Denpasar>Kediri>Tabanan>Penebel>Jatiluwih or Denpasar>Mengwi>Baturiti>Jatiluwih. Jatiluwih is one of the five rice terraces that describe the “Subak” water management system which has gain acknowledgement from UNESCO as part of the world’s cultural heritage.

To preserve the largest area of 53,000 hectares agriculture fields on the island, Tabanan Regency Administration would not allow the development of star-rated and city hotels anymore, unless tourism facilities with a commitment to environmental conservation would be allowed with 30 percent of buildings and 70 percent had to be left naturally as paddy field or plantation. The administration has also decided 300-hectare protected paddy field zone with a 100-hectare housing zone lies outside the protected zone. For visitors it is possible to visit the 300-hectare on foot (about 3,5 hr trekking) or alternatively with an e-bike tour that the local villagers organize since 2017 (takes about 1 h).

Second Stop: Bali Botanical Garden

The Bali Botanic Garden (Indonesian: Kebun Raya Bali) is the largest botanic garden in Indonesia and is located in the mountainous region of Bedugul, central Bali, around 90 minutes drive north of Denpasar. The Garden was established on 15 July 1959 and is situated around 1300 metres above sea level overlooking Bratan Lake and the Ulun Danu Temple on the slopes of Tapak Hill.

The Garden is a centre for botanical research, conservation, education and recreation. It is operated by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI). The Garden contains more than 21,000 living specimens belonging to 2,400 species, representing various species from mountainous areas of eastern Indonesia: Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua. In addition its herbarium contains 10,000 preserved plant specimens ranging from algae to flowering plants. Apart from plant collections that include orchids, ferns, cacti and carnivorous plants, there is also a traditional Balinese style guesthouse that functions as a guest house for visitors. One of the world’s largest displays of begonias is also on display in the conservatory building.

Third Stop: Bali Butterfly Park

Bali Butterfly Park is a butterfly park in Tabanan Regency, Bali, Indonesia. The park is home to some of the rare species of butterflies including the birdwing butterfly, swallowtail and great Mormon. Bali Butterfly Park is dedicated to research, breeding and preservation of butterflies in Bali.

Day 2: Spiritual Getaway

First Stop: Ulun Danu Beratan Temple.

See an ancient Hindu temple at Ulun Danu Beratan Temple. Built in 1663 on the shores of Lake Bratan with manmade islands stretching out into the lake, the water temple cuts a figure against the surrounding mountainous landscape and hallowed waters. Admire the delicate interiors of the temple buildings, and place an offering to the Balinese water, lake, and river goddess Dewi Danu, who is particularly esteemed here because of the importance of Lake Beratan as a source of irrigation in the area. Before you leave, take time to appreciate the fertility and natural abundance of the area by having a freshly cooked local meal at the on-site restaurant..

Second Stop: Tanah Lot Temple

Tanah Lot means “Land [in the] Sea” in the Balinese language. Located in Tabanan, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) North West of Denpasar, the temple sits on a large offshore rock which has been shaped continuously over the years by the ocean tide. The Tanah Lot temple was built and has been a part of Balinese mythology for centuries.

The temple is one of seven sea temples around the Balinese coast. Each of the sea temples was established within eyesight of the next to form a chain along the south-western coast. In addition to Balinese mythology, the temple was significantly influenced by Hinduism. At the base of the rocky island, venomous sea snakes are believed to guard the temple from evil spirits and intruders. The temple is purportedly protected by a giant snake, which was created from Nirartha’s selendang (a type of sash) when he established the island.

Day Three: A Sporty Day.

First Stop: Nirwana Bali Golf Club, Tabanan

Every golfer dreams of the perfect landscape to play, and there is no doubt that the physical characteristics of the Nirwana Bali Golf Course are just that. Lying on Bali’s southwest coastline at Tanah Lot, Nirwana Bali Golf Club designed by Greg Norman and opened in July 1997.  The course is a 30 minute scenic drive from Kuta Beach, the Bali airport, and the capital city of Denpasar. The golf course overlooks the Indian Ocean and weaves through rice terraces and towering palm trees. A 6805-yard par 72 championship golf course, it has been voted by Golf Digest and Asian Golf Monthly as the best golf course in Indonesia and best golf resort in Asia, respectively. Nirwana Bali Golf Club reflects the natural beauty, spirituality and rich culture of Bali. It is a visual masterpiece of dramatic ocean views and lush Balinese landscapes. The Bali golf course offers a spectacular challenge and a unique world-class experience for golfers of all skill levels.

Second Stop: Scuba and Snorkeling Pemuteran.

In the past, Pemuteran reefs have suffered greatly from damage by destructive fishing and the El Nino effect. Pemuteran village residents have taken action to prevent use of these destructive methods in their reefs, whether by locals or by outsiders.

Coral nurseries were built using the Electrolytic Mineral Accretion Technology, which provide unique advantages for restoring coral reefs. Corals grown on mineral accretion are exceptionally brightly coloured and rapidly growing, and support dense fish populations. The coral nursery structures are made of welded construction steel bars, of around 1 centimetre diameter. They are built in a variety of shapes. The success of these structures in stimulating rapid coral growth was apparent within months, leading to requests to greatly expand the project. All structures are charged by power supplies located on the adjacent land.

More than 60 Biorock coral nursery structures have been installed since June 2000 in Pemuteran Village. With a total length of 300 metres situated in an area of 2 hectares: this is the largest Biorock coral reef nursery and restoration project worldwide. These structures are located in an area parallel to the shore, about 50-100 metres from the coastline, in waters ranging from about 3 to 7 metres deep. They are roughly lined up, forming a natural snorkelling and diving trail.

Day Four: Living Like Locals Do

First Stop: Taman Anyar, Mengwi

Balinese family invites you to discover the traditional Bali life and farming. You will see how regular balinese day passes. You can experience blessing in family temple, rooster fight, making the offerings, preparing food, short trekking around rice fields, rice planting and wonderful balinese lunch.

Second Stop:  Belimbing Village Tabanan

Belimbing Village is one of the tourism villages located in Pupuan district of Tabanan regency, precisely located at the foot of Mount Batukaru, the second highest volcano in Bali. This village is famous for the beautiful scenery of rice terraces that is similar with Jatiluwih area along with some coconut trees grow in paddy field area. Rice fields in Belimbing village are so very beautiful and natural, and not so touristy. If are into photography guaranteed this place is gonna be a heaven for you. The area of ​​rice field in Belimbing Village is approximately 460 hectares divided into six subak (local community in charge of water management in those rice fields): Subak Mas, Subak Gemuh, Subak Nyanglad, Subak Teben Telabah, Subak Duren Taluh, and Subak Suranadi.

However, beautiful rice fields are not the only thing we can find in Belimbing Village; here we can also find a sacred temple called Pura Luhur Mekori. The tourists are allowed to enter the area of the temple as long as accompanied by a tour guide or local residents who are serving at this temple. Another thing to consider for the visitors of the Temple is, those who are in a state of cuntaka / in a phase of menstruation for women visitors, or in mourning conditions. Two beautiful waterfalls (singsing) can also be found in the village of Belimbing, with relatively easy trekking access to both waterfalls after some renovations which make visitors can reach the location more comfortably. If you plan to stay longer in the village to enjoy the peaceful atmosphere of Belimbing village some hotels and stays are also available nearby the village, along with several restaurants and food stalls.

Third Stop: Balian Beach, Tabanan

Balian beach is very famous among Australian tourists who like water sports activities such as surfing. This remote beach is perfect for tourists who wish to have a relaxed holidays and lthose who seek quiet tourist attractions in Bali. In addition to the hidden beach location, Balian beach has constant big waves that will make surfing enthusiasts squeal in glee upon seeing them. The black sands on the southwest-facing beach only adds for its predicate as one of the best locations to see the sunset in Bali.

Balian each is favored by tourists because the atmosphere is comfortable, quiet, and calm; apart from the fact that the accommodation is available at a low rate,  compared to the prices in the southern Bali tourism area. Like Tanjung Benoa, Nusa Dua, Sanur, Jimbaran, Seminyak, Canggu or Kuta.

Day Five: A Cultural Study

First Stop: The Royal Puri Anyar Karambitan

Bali is blessed with not only a complex culture but also an incredibly rich history, and so the best way to remain curious is to dive deeper: talk to people, learn more, remove the tourist barriers and engage one-on-one with the surroundings. I was recently lucky enough to find myself in one of Bali’s less visited areas, Kerambitan. This is one of the districts (kecamatan) in the Tabanan Regency (kabupaten), which is also home to Tanah Lot and the Jatiluwih Rice Terraces. What brought me here was an interesting story of Puri Anyar Kerambitan, one of three royal palaces within the district.

Puri Anyar Kerambitan was built in the 1620’s by the 12th King of Tabanan. The king had 2 sons, his first son was born of a selir, a lower-caste (sudra) mistress, his second son was of royal blood. The first son was granted Puri Agung Kerambitan, the only palace at the time. Puri Anyar Kerambitan was made for the second son, and its name ‘anyar’ means ‘new’, as it was the newer of the two palaces. Thus, the land too was split, Puri Agung was given the South and West of Kerambitan and Anyar was given the North and East.

For 350 years the palaces ran on its traditionally feudal system, each privy to more than 100 hectares of the surrounding land, as well as the produce made by their populace. Puris were always places foreign dignitaries would visit, to talk of trade and share gifts. One of the most common gifts that Puri Anyar was given were ceramic plates. These were original Delftware (Delft Blue) plates from Holland, which for some reason became part of the palaces adornments. These plates of an unknown age are embedded into the reliefs of balés and on temple shrines.  In 1967, Puri Anyar Kerambitan suddenly became a social hub. ‘Royal Dinners’ were held, showcasing local dances and cultures, and prominent visitors frequented. Among these were David Bowie, King Hussein of Jordan and Dewi Soekarno. Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger had visited 3 times, purportedly hoping to learn the tektekan dance – not knowing it was a sacred trance dance!

Sexond Stop: Subak Museum

Subak Museum is a museum exhibit and displays the collection of agriculture/farming tools and traditional irrigation system of Bali called Subak. Subak Museum is also becoming one of the most visited tourist destination for the educational tour by students or tourists both domestic and foreign tourists in the center of Tabanan. Subak Museum Sanggulan Tabanan is located in the village of Banjar Anyar, sub-district of Kediri, Tabanan Regency, Bali Indonesia. Distance from the city of Denpasar is approximately 21 kilometers or about 47 minutes.

Day Six: Cleanse Your Soul

First Stop: Pengempu Waterfall

Pengempu waterfall is one of the hidden waterfalls in Tabanan regency. Unlike the waterfall Tegenungan always crowded visitors, precisely Pengempu waterfall is still very lonely from the visitors, this is because not so famous place this tour. Visitors are mostly local tourists who happen to vacation to the surrounding attractions, such as wuk basin tour, Sangeh monkey forest, and mange sangeh garden. The uniqueness of the waterfall pengempu water tejun this as dihimpit two rock cliffs are very sturdy. This waterfall is almost like waterfall DusunKuning Bangli. The atmosphere around tejun water is still very natural with shady and green trees, coupled with the rushing sound of the stream, is a soothing view of the mind. So this place is suitable for refreshing from the frenetic city.

Second Stop: Angseri Hotspring

Situated among lavish rice paddies and small channels, this natural hotspring is located specifically in Banjar Munduk Lumbang, Angseri Village, Baturiti District, Tabanan Regency. The huge areas that were mainly utilized as a classic bathhouse by the nearby people, has been converted into a comfy bathing spot that we can enjoy with just Rp 5,000 for local and 25,000 for foreigners. Take pleasure in the warmness of the hot spring swimming pools; a couple hours trip from Denpasar if you take the route to Bedugul.

The entire spot is bounded by green plants, primarily bamboo, palm and fern trees, as well as harvested rice paddies, where you could occasionally notice the neighborhood farmers going just after work in the rice fields. Angseri Hot Springs provide two open-air pools and four small personal cabins, accomodating up to six peoples maximum. With only 10.000,- Rupiahs for every visitor, you may use one of the cabins for approximately thirty minutes (psst- you can use it for as long as you want when it’s low season and  the spot is relatively quiet.). For the public open-air pool, there is no charge.

The personal cabins are cleaned out right after each customer and the water is changed entirely as well. The entire area is virtually just a few years old and cleanliness appears very fine. Early in the afternoon, the open-

Turn your sight to the exotic Lepang Beach Bali

Turn your sight to the exotic Lepang Beach Bali

Travelers and visitors who already know and used to Bali agree that this Island has many beautiful beaches. Lepang Beach is one amongst them.

Beaches is the place where people come especially to enjoy sunrise and sunset. Some of you might enjoy sunrise more than sunset and vice versa. Lepang Beach is the place where you can enjoy both sunrise and sunset at one place.

Located in Klungklung regency, Bali, the road to Pantai Lepang is surrounded by paddy fields and plantations on either side, giving you a glimpse of rural Bali before you reach Lepang’s black-sand shores. An emerging tourist spot, Lepang beach offers a coastline ideal for cycling, a beautiful sunset, sunbathing and swimming opportunities, and local delicacies served by the ‘warungs’ scattered across its sands.

It will take approximately 70 minutes drive from Ngurah Rai International Airport and approximately 50 minutes from Denpasar when using a motor vehicle.

Lepang Beach is still clean and this beach has its own charm to form the winding coast against a backdrop of rice fields and towering mountains of beautiful charms. Lepang Beach will be crowded with tourists during the holidays and vacations.

Residents around the Lepang Beach live mostly as farmers, it can be seen from the fields and gardens located along the road leading to the beach. By making this beach as one of the attractions located in Klungkung regency, it is expected it can boost the economy in the area.

The beach is also suitable for jogging in the morning or a fun picnic weekend. Visitors can walk along the sandy path, enjoy a quiet atmosphere with natural scenery or just sit back and hearing to the crashing waves.

Lepang Beach has suffered severe abrasion in recent years. Many residents lost their land along the coastline. The government along with other stakeholders has handled this issue by installing grout mattress to withstand the abrasion.

As with the beach of Tegal Besar, this black sand beach is also a place of sea turtles to lay their eggs. During the nesting season, Olive Ridley turtles (Penyu Lekang/Lepidochelys olivacea) will emerge from the sea water into the sand and lay the eggs. Therefore, this beach is known as one of the sea turtle sanctuaries in Bali.

Lepang Beach is not as popular as other beaches in Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan but you shoud not underestimate its beauty. This beach has black and soft sand that will amazingly sparkling when it is exposed to sunlight.

The beach is also suitable for jogging in the morning or a fun picnic weekend. Visitors can walk along the sandy path, enjoy a quiet atmosphere with natural scenery or just sit back and listening to the sound of the crashing waves.

However, you are not recommended for soaking and swimming, due to the big and strong waves. This beach has less shade and really hot during the day. Visitors usually come in the morning or afternoon. The sunset here is really amazing. Many surf angler line up on the beach with their spinning rod, signifying this place as one of the surf fishing spots.

Besides becoming a tourist destination, Lepang Beach is also a salt farm in Klungkung area. After you’re done with the water activities, you can approach the salt farmers and watch the process of making salt. If they are not too busy you might even interact and have more knowledge about salt production.

There are also fishing boats neatly lining up on the beach. And in distance you can see the great Mount Agung, a scene not to be missed by photographers and selfie lovers. Because it is close to residential area, Lepang Beach has adequate facilities. Stalls around the coasts you can find are managed by local residents. They provide local snacks and drinks that visitors can enjoy. You can also easily find public bathrooms and toilets,dressing rooms and surfing equipment rentals.

Like it was said above, another attraction at Lepang Beach is that you  can see both beauties of sunrise, as well as bias sunset in the afternoon. So for the locals, Lepang beach is indeed more ideal to visit in the morning or afternoon. There is almost no shelter in this place, except in a small hut located on the beach, so if you are afraid of getting burnt, it is  best for you to visit in the afternoon or early morning except those who come for sunbathing purposes. For this reason the atmosphere on the beach is quite quiet, this place began crowded by visitors in the afternoon.
Visitors who enjoy this beach are mostl tourists who stay at the hotel area, including local residents. The nuance of the deserted and quieter beach of Lepang, it will certainly be an attraction for some to find tranquility with its beautiful beach scenery, breaking away from every routine, looking for a place to relax that is easy to reach, as well as for those who want to teach their children to enjoy nature of the beach, while relaxing and playing sand, then this Lepang beach become an ideal tourist destination. No entrance fee is charged to enjoy this place.

The attractiveness and uniqueness that is served by coastal tourist attraction Lepang, make investors put their interest in investing capital on the area, so a luxurious and modern resort built on the beach of Lepang and is called Wyndham Tamansari Jivva Resort.

So if you want to feel the atmosphere of quietness and stay accompanied by the peaceful nature of the beach and the sound of the waves, then the hotel is the most ideal place to stay.
Its  coastal area adjacent to Klotok beach, Tegal Besar, Pantai Lebih and Keramas. While the nearest popular attractions of the coastal area of ​​Lepang is Bali Safari Park Zoo and Marine Park, Kerthagosa, Goa Lawah and salt farmers Kusamba.

If you rent a car in Bali and plan a tour, then you can enjoy the above tourist attraction easily, but if you want to find other options by visiting a unidirectional attraction, you can continue your tour to the East by visiting the Blue Lagoon attractions in Padangbai , submarine Odyssey Submarine Bali, Tenganan village or Candidasa beach.


The fascinating ubud & The green scenery of Tegallalang

The fascinating ubud & The green scenery of Tegallalang

Known as the cultural center of Bali, Ubud sits just an hour north of the capital city, Denpasar. Ubud originally served as a source of medicinal herbs and plants, deriving its name from the Balinese word ubad (medicine). Numerous rivers converge in Ubud, providing incredible valleys for exploring, hiking, and simply enjoying.

Balinese people are extremely proud of their heritage, and it is fascinating to witness such strong adherance to the traditions of Balinese Hinduism woven into modern life. Visitors are often treated to phenomenal parades though the streets. Visitors also love visiting Ubud’s fascinating Monkey Forest.

There are two markets in Ubud, one for the locals and one for tourists. While you can find some fun items at the tourist market, you need to go to the local morning market if you want an authentic Balinese market experience.

The only catch is that you need to get up early to be there when the market is busiest and to get your hands on the freshest ingredients. The first trucks with fresh products arrive well before sunrise. At around 5:00am, when most locals have done their shopping, many vendors shut down and products aimed for tourists starts filling the market.

Bali indeed presents so many stunning natural scenery, one of which is the Tegalalang Terraced Rice Field in Ubud. This tourist spot is one of the tourist places frequented by tourists. both from within the country and from abroad.

The Tegalalang Rice Terrace in Ubud is an attractive place and visited by many tourists. Especially foreign tourists who want to feel the typical atmosphere of the countryside on the island of Bali. This place makes Bali a tourist destination with unique art and culture, beautiful natural panorama, and safe environment.This very ecotouristic tourist area offers the attraction of many terraced rice fields, where there are cafes to hang out with. In the tourist spot of Tegalalang Sawah Terasering Ubud, you can enjoy the view that can spoil your eyes like a stretch of terraced rice terraces that are very cool, you will see terraced rice fields interspersed with terraced tiers and neatly arranged. A green rice plant refreshes the eyes and soothes the viewer.

This tegalalang terrace presents a stretch of rice terraces with terraces neatly arranged. Surrounded by the many tropical trees such as coconut and palm trees make this area look like it is wrapped in a beautiful frame.

Can you imagine how beautiful the atmosphere there. To enjoy the beauty of a trip to the Tegalalang Terrace Rice Fields in Ubud, you can not only feel or see the sensation from afar, you can also go straight down to the rice fields by walking along the rice fields that are stacking and winding. As it is known that paddy fields in Bali are a source of irrigation known as the Subak system and if in the harvest season, you can be directly involved and watch more closely how farmers planted rice seeds in the Tegalalang Terrace rice fields in Ubud.

Because Tegalalang’s terraced tourism object faces east, so the best time to visit it is in the afternoon, when the sun has begun to set to the west. If you want to stay longer while resting, you can relax in the restaurants around the location while just enjoying a warm drink by seeing the natural beauty of Tegalalang rice fields which is still beautiful.

When you visit this attraction while the rice fields are still plowed, the nursery period, and the harvest, the atmosphere and scenery still look amazing, but still when the rice fields that are to be harvested have a more special impression, imagine when you see rice plants that are blown by the wind swaying gently makes you forget the burden of living for a moment. The location is on the edge of the main highway, so the parking facilities are still on the shoulder of the road. However, there is a parking attendant who has set it up so there is no need to worry about vehicles. No entrance ticket is charged for tourists. But enough to pay for a motorcycle or car parking ticket of Rp. 1,000 / vehicle.

Along the main highway Tegalalang there are many shops by or souvenirs lined along more than 9 kilometers, various kinds of handicraft products can be found that provide many desired options. The souvenir shops sell delicious Balinese handicrafts such as wood and iron carving works as souvenirs that can be brought home such as giraffes, elephants, cat-cats, dolphins, wooden masks, wood carvings, rock carvings and many more.